Dating weaving shuttle
A heddle consists of a short length of cord, wire, or flat steel strip, supported (in its operative position) roughly perpendicular to the unseparated sheet of warp threads and provided, in modern looms, with an eyelet at its midpoint, through which the warp end is threaded.By pulling one end of the heddle or the other, the warp end can be deflected to one side or the other of the main sheet of ends. In most looms, the weft is supplied from a shuttle, a hollow projectile inside which a weft package is mounted in such a way that the weft can be freely unwound through an eyelet leading from the inside to the outside.The provided instructions give directions for four projects, including a scarf, a drawstring pouch, a coaster, and a carry-all.If you have a knack for working with baubles or just enjoy making handmade gifts, the Clover Beading is a prime pick.If so, this loom represents a still more advanced stage of development. To produce a plain weave, alternate warp yarns are tied to the rod, and, when it is raised, the shed is formed quickly and accurately.Some authorities consider the heddle to be the most important step in the evolution of the loom.At the end of the cycle the geometrical relation of the pick to the warp is the same as it would have been if the pick had been threaded through the spaces between alternate ends, first from one side of the cloth and then from the other, as in darning.
The lengthwise threads are called the warp, and the other threads, which are combined with the warp and lie widthwise, are called the weft (synonyms are “filling,” “woof,” and “shoot,” or “shute”).
Navajo Indians, probably the best known of the American Indian weavers, have used the simple two-bar vertical loom for several centuries to produce their beautiful rugs and blankets.
A form of the horizontal two-bar loom was the back-strap loom, in which one bar was tied to a tree or other stationary device, the second being attached to the weaver’s waist by a strap.
Before lease rods were added, it would have been necessary for the fingers to separate each odd from each even warp thread to create the shed through which the weft yarn was passed.
A third rod also seen in this early drawing may be a heddle rod.